Micropropagation of Banana
Banana is a globally important fruit crop with 97.5 million tones of annual production. In India, banana contributes 37% of the total fruit production and ranks second in importance next to mango. The state of Maharashtra ranks second with respect to the land under the cultivation but first in its production of banana with 60 T/ha per anum.
Edible bananas do not produce seeds and are traditionally grown vegetatively through suckers (5 to 10 in number depending on the variety). Thus low rate of multiplication limits this method severely. In the recent years, tissue culture propagation of banana through shoot tip as well as floral aspices has been utilized to increase banana production.
Advantages of Tissue Cultured Banana
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